View of South Beach located in South
Fremantle, Perth, Western Australia
Fremantle is a port city in Western
Australia, located 19 kilometres (12
mi) southwest of Perth, the state
capital, at the mouth of the Swan
River on Australia's western coast.
It was the first settlement of the
Swan River colonists in 1829. It was
declared a city in 1929, and has a
population of approximately 26,000.
The city is named after Captain
Charles Fremantle, the English naval
officer who had pronounced
possession of Western Australia and
who established a camp at the site.
The city contains well-preserved
19th-century buildings and other
heritage features. The Western
Australian vernacular diminutive for
Fremantle is "Freo". Fremantle lies
on a series of limestone hills known
by the Nyungar people as Booyeembara;
the sandplain to the east is Gardoo.
The original vegetation of the area
was mainly Xanthorrhoea and
eucalyptus trees, being fired
annually (in late spring or summer)
by the traditional owners.