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Al Hijra Live in Mecca, Muharram Islamic New Year

World Events, December , Al Hijra
Event Information:

The Islamic New Year is the day that marks the beginning of a new Islamic calendar year, and is the day on which the year count is incremented. The first day of the year is observed on the first day of Muharram, the first month in the Islamic calendar. Sunni Muslims celebrate the day according to the Sunnah of Muhammad. Finding some Jews fasting on this day, the Prophet enquired of them why they fasted. They replied that it was in honour of Moses. Muhammad then declared that Islam honoured Moses more highly and established a two-day fast for Muharram. This fast was already practised before the martyrdom of Imam Hussein.


Since the Islamic year is 11 to 12 days shorter than the Gregorian year, the Islamic new year does not come on the same day of the Gregorian calendar every year. While some Islamic organizations prefer determining the new month (and hence the new year) dates by local sighting of the moon, most Islamic institutions and countries, including Saudi Arabia, follow astronomical calculations to determine future dates of the Islamic calendar.

Al-Hijra / Muharram in will start on Thursday, the 15th of November and will continue for 29 days until Thursday, the 13th of December. Note that in the Muslim calander, a holiday begins on the sunset of the previous day, so observing Muslims will celebrate Al-Hijra / Muharram on the sunset of Wednesday, the 14th of November.

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