Hamburg is the second-largest city
in Germany and the eighth-largest
city in the European Union. The city
is home to over 1.8 million people,
while the Hamburg Metropolitan
Region (including parts of the
neighboring Federal States of Lower
Saxony and Schleswig-Holstein) has
more than 4.3 million inhabitants.
The port of Hamburg is the
third-largest port in Europe (third
to Port of Antwerp and Rotterdam),
and the eighth largest in the world.
Hamburg's official name is the Free
and Hanseatic City of Hamburg
(German: Freie und Hansestadt
Hamburg). It reflects Hamburg's
history as a member of the medieval
Hanseatic League, as a free imperial
city of the Holy Roman Empire, and
also to the fact that Hamburg is a
city-state and one of the sixteen
States of Germany.
Hamburg is a major transportation
hub in Northern Germany and is one
of the most affluent cities in
Europe. It has become a media and
industrial center, with plants and
facilities belonging to Airbus,
Blohm + Voss and Aurubis. The radio
and television broadcaster
Norddeutscher Rundfunk and
publishers such as Gruner + Jahr and
Spiegel-Verlag are pillars of the
important media industry in Hamburg.
In total there are more than 120,000
enterprises. The city is a major
tourist destination both for
domestic and overseas visitors,
receiving about 7.7 million
overnight stays in 2008.