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Katla Volcano Webcam, Iceland

 Europe, Iceland, Katla

Katla volcano live Iceland


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Location:  Europe, Iceland, Katla Category: Volcano cam Description: View of the volcano at Katla, Eyjafjallajokull Glacier

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Katla is a volcano in Iceland. It is situated to the north of Vík í Mýrdal and to the east of the smaller glacier Eyjafjallajökull. Its peak reaches 1,512 metres (4,961 ft) in height and is partially covered by the Mýrdalsjökull glacier with an area of 595 km² (230 sq mi).

The caldera of the volcano has a diameter of 10 km (6 mi) and is covered with 200-700 metres (660-2,300 ft) of ice. The volcano normally erupts every 40–80 years. At the peak of an eruption in 1755 the flood discharge has been estimated at 200,000–400,000 m³/s (7.1-14.1 million cu ft/sec); for comparison, the combined average discharge of the Amazon, Mississippi, Nile, and Yangtze rivers is about 266,000 m³/s (9.4 million cu ft/sec).

The last major eruption occurred in 1918, although there may have been a couple small eruptions that did not break the ice cover: one in 1955[1] and another 1999[2]. Since 930, 16 eruptions have been documented. The Eldgjá canyon is part of the same volcanic system. It is thought that Katla is the source of the Vedde Ash (more than 6 to 7 cubic kilometers (1.4 to 1.7 cu mi) of tephra dated to 10,600 years BP) found at a number of sites including Norway, Scotland and North Atlantic cores. The last eruption in 1918 resulted in extending the southern coast by 5 km due to laharic flood deposits. The present volcanic respose since 1918 is among the longest known in historic times

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