View of the south-east side
of Warsaw city centre
(Polish: Warszawa ) is the capital
and largest city of Poland. It is
located on the Vistula River roughly
360 kilometers (224 mi) from the
Baltic Sea and 300 kilometers (186
mi) from the Carpathian Mountains.
Its population as of June 2009 was
estimated at 1,711,466, and the
Warsaw metropolitan area at
approximately 2,785,000. The city
area is 516.9 square kilometers
(199.6 sq mi), with an agglomeration
of 6,100.43 square kilometers
(2,355.4 sq mi) (Warsaw Metro Area - Obszar Metropolitalny Warszawy).
Warsaw is the 9th largest city in
the European Union by population.
Warsaw is one of the Alpha Cities.
Warszawianka (1831) (French: La
Varsovienne) is widely considered
the unofficial anthem of Warsaw.
On 9 November 1940 the City of
Warsaw was awarded the highest
military decoration for courage in
the face of the enemy - Order Virtuti Militari for the heroic
defence in 1939.
Warsaw is also known as the "phoenix
city", as it recovered from
extensive damage during World War
II, being rebuilt with the effort of
Polish citizens. Warsaw has
given its name to the Warsaw
Confederation, Warsaw Pact, the
Duchy of Warsaw, Warsaw Convention,
Treaty of Warsaw and the Warsaw