Sheffield is a city and metropolitan
borough of South Yorkshire, England.
Its name derives from the River
Sheaf, which runs through the city.
Historically a part of the West
Riding of Yorkshire, the city has
grown from its largely industrial
roots to encompass a wider economic
base. The population of the City of
Sheffield is 534,500 (2008 est.) and
it is one of the eight largest
regional English cities that make up
the English Core Cities Group.
the 19th century, Sheffield gained
an international reputation for
steel production. Many innovations
were developed locally, including
crucible and stainless steel,
fuelling an almost tenfold increase
in the population during the
Industrial Revolution. Sheffield
received its municipal charter in
1893, when it officially became the
City of Sheffield. International
competition in iron and steel caused
a decline in traditional local
industries during the 1970s and
1980s, coinciding with the collapse
of coal mining in the area.
21st century has seen extensive
redevelopment in Sheffield along
with other British cities.
Sheffield's GVA (gross value added)
has increased by 60% since 1997,
standing at £9.2 billion in 2007.
The economy has experienced steady
growth averaging around 5% annually,
greater than that of the broader
region of Yorkshire and the Humber.
City of Sheffield is near the
confluence of five rivers, and much
of it is built on hillsides with
views either into the city centre or
out onto the countryside. It is
estimated that Sheffield has over
two million trees, more per person
than any other city in Europe; 61%
of the city is green space